Bachelor of Dental Surgery (BDS) course is 4 year degree course and 1 year Internship course which is run under the aegis of Dental Council of India which was constituted on 12th April 1949 under an Act of Parliament – the Dentists Act, 1948 (XVI of 1948). The Dental Council of India runs under the aegis of Department of Health, Ministry of Health & Family Welfare, Government of India, New Delhi.
SPECIALITIES APPROVED FOR M.D.S. COURSE
1. PROSTHODONTICS AND CROWN & BRIDGE
Prosthodontics and Crown & Bridge and Oral Implantology is that branch of Dental art and science pertaining to the restoration and maintenance of oral function, health, comfort and appearance by the replacement of mission or lost natural teeth and associated tissues either by a fixed and removable artificial substitutes.
Periodontology and Oral Implantology is the science dealing with the health and diseases of the investing and supporting structures of the teeth and oral mucous membrane.
3. ORAL & MAXILLOFACIAL SURGERY
Oral & Maxillofacial surgery and implantology deals with the diagnosis and surgical and adjunctive treatment of diseases, injuries and defects of the human jaws and associated oral and facial structures.
4. CONSERVATIVE DENTISTRY AND ENDODONTICS
Conservative dentistry deals with prevention and treatment of the diseases and injuries of the hard tissues and the pulp of the tooth and associated periapical lesions.
5. ORTHODONTICS AND DENTOFACIAL ORTHOPEDICS
Orthodontics and dentofacial orthopedics deals with prevention and correction of oral anomalies and malocclusion and the harmonizing of the structures involved, so that the dental mechanisms will function in a normal way.
6. ORAL PATHOLOGY AND MICROBIOLOGY
Oral Pathology deals with the nature of oral diseases, their causes, processes and effects. It relates the clinical menifestation of oral diseases to the physiologic and anatomic changes associated with these diseases.
7. PAEDODONTICS AND PREVENTIVE DENTISTRY
Paedontics and preventive dentistry deals with prevention and treatment of oral and dental ailments that may occur during childhood.
8. PUBLIC HEALTH DENTISTRY
Community Dentistry is the science and art of preventing and controlling Dental diseases and promoting Dental Oral health through organized community efforts.
9. ORAL MEDICINE AND RADIOLOGY
Oral Medicine is that specialty of dentistry concerned with the basic diagnostic procedures and techniques useful in recognizing the diseases of the oral tissues of local and constitutional origin and their medical management.
Radiology is a science dealing with x-rays and their uses in diagnosis and treatment of diseases in relation to orofacial diseases.